New Resources - Supplemental Learning: Evidence-Based Medicine


Evidence-Based Medicine 



Section Contributors: Angela Veesenmeyer, Rachel Boykan 


Online Resources 


  1. Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM). 

CEBM aims to develop, teach and promote evidence-based health care through conferences, workshops and EBM tools so that all health care professionals can maintain the highest standards of medicine. Contains free calculators, appraisal worksheets, explanations of concepts and simple examples. (MK1, PBLI 1,2 

  1. University of Michigan Evidence Based Pediatrics. 

A collection of critically appraised topics (CATs), links to web resources, list of references for teaching EBM, instructions on running a journal club. (PBLI 1,2,3,4 

  1. Cates, C. Dr Chris Cates EBM Web Site 

Basic explanations of core EBM concepts, visual examples, statistical calculators (MK1, PBLI 1,2 

  1. Schardt C. Duke University Evidence Based Practice 

Medical library EBM website with well organized links to websites, articles, reference books and printable pdfs of critical appraisal worksheets. (MK1, PBLI 1,2) 

  1. Alan Schwartz. Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) and Decision Tools. MedEdPORTAL; 2006. 

This is a very useful on-line website which has both tools (calculator) for basic EBM functions (with annotated results) and some educational exercises. (MK1, PBLI 1)  

  1. Frohna, J. Fostering the Efficient, Effective Use of Evidence-Based Medicine in the Clinic. MedEdPORTAL; 2006. 

This is a comprehensive series of modules to teach the basics of EBM in small group format.  Could be used for teaching residents or medical students. (MK1, PBLI 1) 



  1. CMAJ.  Tips for learners of evidence-based medicine Series. Review articles for learners of evidence-based medicine on the basic mathematical concepts of EBM. (MK1, PBLI 1, 2)   

1. A Barratt et al.  Relative risk reduction, absolute risk reduction and number needed to treat CMAJ 2004 171:353-358; doi:10.1503/cmaj.1021197 

2. VM Montori et al.  Measures of precision (confidence intervals) CMAJ 2004 171:611-615; doi:10.1503/cmaj.1031667 

3. T McGinn et al. Measures of observer variability (kappa statistic) CMAJ 2004 171:1369-1373; doi:10.1503/cmaj.1031981 

4. R Hatala et al. Assessing heterogeneity of primary studies in systematic reviews and whether to combine their results CMAJ 2005 172:661-665; doi:10.1503/cmaj.1031920 

VM Montori et al. 5. The effect of spectrum of disease on the performance of diagnostic tests CMAJ 2005 173:385-390; doi:10.1503/cmaj.1031666 


bPediatrics in Review. Brief review articles focused on basic evidence-based medicine principles, research design and statistics. (MK1, PBLI 1, 2)   

  1. Onady GM. Evidence-based Medicine : Applying Valid Evidence. Pediatrics in Review 2009;30;317 

  1. Jennings JM, Sibinga E. Research and Statistics : Understanding and Identifying Bias in Research Studies. Pediatrics in Review 2010;31;161 

  1. Upadhya K, Rowe PC. Research and Statistics : Case-control Studies. Pediatrics in Review 2010;31;70 

  1. Moore EM Johnson SB.  Research and Statistics : Case Reports, Anecdotal Evidence, and Descriptive Epidemiologic Studies in Pediatric Practice. Pediatrics in Review 2009;30;323 

  1. Hernandez RG Rowe PC. Research and Statistics : Cohort Studies. Pediatrics in Review 2009;30;364